promoted 8 years 7 months ago, posted 8 years 7 months ago
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A quick guide to get you started.
Marijuana. It’s a great alternative for those of us who need to relax, but don’t like to drink. Unfortunately, it’s expensive. As anyone who’s read the weekly crop reports can tell, marijuana’s illegal status makes it a costly vice. Fortunately, with a little investment of time and money, anyone can grow their own high-grade weed in their own home. Let’s begin.
The most important part of growing weed is good genetics. Seeds or clones from shitty weed will produce more shitty weed, regardless of the grow setup that you have. I recommend ordering guaranteed female seeds from a seed company, like Sensi Seeds. For you Americans out there, it is illegal to import seeds so you’ll have to find the seeds yourself. Seeds cost between $50 - $300 USD for a dozen, depending on the strain.
Next, you need lights. Forget about incandescent or pot lights. For decent weed, you’ll need high-pressure sodium lights (like streetlights) or metal-halide lights (like stadium lights). You can’t just screw them in to a standard socket, so you need to buy the socket and ballast for them as well. A good light will cost about $150 USD. The more light, the better, but you should have a minimum of 30W per horizontal ft2 to get the maximum quality and yield.
Now that you have lights, you need a growth medium. I usually fill a large bucket ¼ full with clay pellets (for drainage), then top it off with a mixture of 75% Miracle Grow potting soil and 25% vermiculite. Before you plant the seeds, check the pH. It should be between 6 and 7 (slightly acidic). Now plant the seeds about 2 inches down, and cover with loose soil. On to the gritty details.
Marijuana has two distinct cycles: vegetative and flowering (for the uninitiated, the flowers of marijuana are what you smoke.). Plants begin the vegetative cycle as soon as they pop out of the soil. During the vegetative stage, you should set the lights to be on for 20 hours per day, then off for 4 hours. This will keep your plants from flowering until they are large enough.
Once the plants are large enough for you (1 – 2 feet high), you are ready to flower them. Set the lights to be on for 12 hours per day, then off for 12 hours. After a week of this, plants will begin to show their sex. Male flowers look like little balls full of powder. Female flowers have delicate white hairs and look more like what you might smoke. Get rid of any males as soon as you notice them or else your weed will be full of seeds. Allow flowering to continue for 2 months or until the glands on the flowers are amber in hue. Harvest and enjoy.
I’m going to break from paragraph form for some important tips to get the most out of your investment:
1. During dark periods in the light cycle, NO LIGHT MUST REACH THE PLANTS. Cover all possible sources, including the little red lights on power bars.
2. Don’t over-fertilize. Your plants require no fertilizer during the first 3 weeks. Use high nitrogen fertilizer for vegetative and high phosphorus for flowering.
3. The temperature in the room should never exceed 80°F, or else your plants will stop growing. I recommend 75°F when the lights are on, and 65° when they’re off
4. Make sure the room is well ventilated. If you can’t afford a CO2 generator, you should replace the air in the room (with a fan) every half-hour.
5. Keep the lights as close to the top of the plants as you can (without burning them). If the lights are too high, the plants will stretch to reach them. You don’t want this, trust me.
These tips aren’t comprehensive, but it will help anyone out there who doesn’t quite know what they’re doing. If you have any questions, feel free to send me a private message in the forums. Please check the legality of these actions in your area before attempting to grow marijuana.