The mental health system in all countries is setup in a venture to properly diagnose and rehabilitate sufferers of all mental disorders. The way it is set up however is completely inefficient and here is why.
Yes it's me again and yes it's more bullshit philosophy, but it's not like I make you click on these links
I'm sure you are all aware of how mental health systems are set up and how they are intended to help individuals overcome their problems so they can function again in a normal environment. The way that all governments go about it though is a half assed attempt and of course is based completely on capitalism.
The way that mental health works (this is based on Spinoza if any of you are wondering), is you have the mind and the body. However this is not a substance dualism like the body and the soul, it is a materialist monism. The body is the exhibitation of extension and the mind is the idea of the body and its internal processes at any given time.
The way that our mental states are derived are from the affects on our bodies, whatever affects the body affects our mental state, so all mental illnes can be considered a product of our experience. If anyone here thinks I am saying all mental illness purely derives from psychological affects of situations, I will stab you in the face with an ice pick, as that is not the case. The body can also have affects that are based in the genetic structure of humans, this is where such instances as endogenous or hereditory mental illness come into play.
As you can probably appreciate then, all mental illness that is suffered by individuals is entirely unique. Our bodies are unique in their physical structure and every experience we have in life is also unique, it is this uniqueness that is completely ignored by all attempts at treating mental illness. We have such diagnoses as depression, schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, psychosis etc etc but all these serve to do is generalise symptoms that each person experiences. They then use generalised treatments to try and treat such problems. The main two treatments of anxiety disorders are anti-anxiety drugs like anti-depressents, and cognitive behavioural therapy. The uniqueness of each individuals physiology is apparent when you look at just how many anti-depressants are on the market. Some work for some people, while some don't work for people, others in fact make things worse for people due to the amount of side affects the drugs cause for a person. Just look at the suicide rates for under 18's in paroxetine, that caused glaxosmith kline to withdraw it from treatment for under 18's. Cognitive behavioural therapy is not much better. CBT is basically a set system that teaches a person how to change their perspective on experiences in their lives. In my personal experience anyone with a shred of intelligence is immune to CBT due to the whole course basically being summed up in "just look on the bright side of things".
The psychological side of things doesn't fair too good either. According to Spinoza all the 'affects' that affect us are derived from joy, sorrow and desire. Desire is classed as the knowledge of an appetite for something, an appetite is the bodies want for something in particular. The way our mind ends up in a positive or negative state is all dependent on ratio of previous affects and which ones have become joined with others through previous experience. It is essentially a complex web of classical conditioning (think Pavlov torturer of dogs). At this level you can probably see why mental illness is such a problem for the sufferers, but also for the doctors as well.
So how should mental illness be treated? First off all general diagnoses that were mentioned before should be scrapped as a definitive diagnosis. A patient should be told they exhibit symptoms of such diagnoses, but due to the individual circumstances of the bodies physiology it is impossible to give one over riding diagnosis of their condition. Secondly patients need to be individually assessed as to the causes of their illness. They need to have their history run through in order to identify where negative affects have become overwhelmingly joined to positive ones so they have eventually outweighed them. Only then can a specific individual program of psychological therapy be applied, maybe even just altering the typical CBT program. As for the drug treatments it is considerably hard to find a useful one. We do not know enough about brain chemistry to produce an effecient drug for people. The only way to possibly overcome this is to do a barrage of neurochemical tests in order to try and find the appropriate medication. Even then though it would still be a stab in the dark sometimes as to whether or not a medication would be useful or not.
The best way to look at our current treatment of mental health is this. If you take your car into a garage because half the parts in it are fucked and they need replacing, the current mental health treatment is like using generalised parts in the car, instead of manufacturer specific ones. Sure the car will work for a while, not at proper capacity though and for every day it works it shortens its lifespan. The only way to reconcile this is to make sure our cars are replaced with the individual specific parts needed, or at least to the best possible likeness we can deliver at current.
In the end there are really no such things as depression, schizophrenia, dysthamia, borderline personality disorder etc etc. The only thing there is is mental illness itself, any further explication is like taking a person's brain and stamping on it, but claiming you know exactly what the effects of it on the person's mind will be.